1963 – After the 1962 Sino-Indian War, the foreign ministers of India and Pakistan – Swaran Singh and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto – discuss the Kashmir dispute under the auspices of the British and Americans. The concrete content of these discussions has not yet been released, but no agreement has been reached. During the talks, “Pakistan expressed its readiness to consider approaches other than a referendum and India understood that the status of Kashmir was controversial and that territorial adjustments might be necessary,” said a memo issued by the US State Department (January 27, 1964). India interrupted the supply of fuel and coal to Junagadh, separated air and postal links, sent troops to the border, and occupied the principalities Mangrol and Babariawad that had joined India.  The 26th Nawab fled Junagadh and his family to Pakistan after clashes with Indian troops. On November 7, the Junagadh court, on the verge of collapse, invited the Indian government to take over the administration of the state. The Dewan of Junagadh, Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, father of the most famous Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, decided to invite the Indian government to intervene and wrote a letter to Mr. Buch, the regional commissioner of Saurashtra in the Indian government.  The Pakistani government protested. The Indian government rejected Pakistan`s protests and accepted the Dewan`s invitation to intervene.
 Indian troops occupied Junagadh on November 9, 1947. In February 1948, a referendum voted almost unanimously in favour of india`s membership. The division of the subcontinent in Pakistan and India in 1947 provoked municipal riots. In December 1949, trade and industry between the two countries were cut off. In 1950, it is estimated that one million people – Hindus from eastern Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh was a province of Pakistan that existed in the Bengal region from 1955 to 1971) and Muslims from West Bengal – crossed borders. In November 2015, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif agreed to resume bilateral talks; The following month, on his way to India, Modi made a brief extrabudgetary visit to Pakistan and became the first Indian prime minister to visit Pakistan since 2004.  Despite these efforts, relations between countries remain frosty as a result of repeated cross-border terrorist acts. According to a 2017 poll by the BBC World Service, only 5% of Indians view Pakistan`s influence positively, with 85% expressing a negative opinion, while 11% of Pakistanis view India`s influence positively, with 62% expressing a negative opinion.  2006 – India transfers 5,000 troops from Jammu and Kashmir and invokes an “improvement” in the situation there, but the two countries are unable to reach an agreement on the withdrawal of armed forces from the Siachen Glacier. 2007: On February 18, rail traffic between India and Pakistan (Samjhauta Express) is bombed near Panipat, north of New Delhi.
Sixty-eight people were killed and dozens injured. Indian troops managed to drive the aggressors out of parts of Kashmir, but the winter made much of the state impassable. After weeks of intense fighting between Pakistan and India, Pakistan`s leaders and Indian Prime Minister Nehru declared a ceasefire and demanded UN arbitration with the promise of a referendum. In 1957, Northwest Kashmir was fully integrated into Pakistan and became Azad Kashmir (Pakistan-administered Kashmir). In 1962, China occupied Aksai Chin, the northeastern region that borders Ladakh. . . .